Here we came up with 15 early signs of pregnancy,how do you know you have a little one growing?,although ultrasound and pregnancy test are a major determinants of whether you are pregnant,you could also watch out for early signs,but note that not all mothers will undergo the same signs.Signs such as absence of menstruation and weight gain are very common in pregnancy.

Here are some of the major early symptoms of pregnancy:

1.Missing your periods

2.Early changes of the breast

3.Changes in mood during early pregnancy.

4.Morning sickness,nausea and vomiting during early pregnancy.

5.Weight gain during early pregnancy.

6.Feeling dizziness and light headed

7.Extreme tiredness

8.Aversion of certain foods and drinks.

9.Vaginal discharge.

10. Constipation

11.Back pain

12.Shortness of breath

13.Frequent urination and incontinence

14.Increased heart rate during early pregnancy.

15.Heartburn during early pregnancy.

Now we shall expound more on the symptoms above to help you understand each one of them.YOU could also learn on the DANGER SIGNS OF PREGNANCY

1.Missing your periods

when it is that time of the month and you haven’t got your period yet this is what happens if you are pregnant,once implantation is complete your body will begin producing HCG(human chorionic gonadotropin).The HCG hormone helps the body maintain the pregnancy it also reduces the production of matured eggs by the ovary hence no menstruation will take place.But if you suspects irregular periods it is much as advisable to take pregnancy test for you to confirm that you are pregnant,where the test is able to detect the HCG levels and able to confirm about whether or not you are pregnant.

2.Early changes of the breast

when you’re pregnant you are likely to develop a tender and swollen breast due to hormonal changes.which is likely to go away if your body adjust to the hormonal changes.The areolar (surface around the nipple) may change to a darker colour and grow larger.Ensure to relive tenderness  by purchasing a comfortable supportive maternity bra also ensure to place breast pads that fit into your bra to reduce friction on your nipples.

3.Changes in mood during early pregnancy

During pregnancy progesterone levels and oestrogen levels are high which causes the change of mood and make you more reactive and more emotional than usual.Mood swings are also common which involves feelings of depression,irritability and also anxiety.

4.Morning sickness,nausea and vomiting during early pregnancy.

Morning sickness and nausea are actually very common in pregnancy this is one of the earliest sign that a woman suspects that she is pregnant.Nausea and vomiting develops around the fourth and sixth week.Although it majorly occurs during the morning hence the name morning sickness,it may occur any time during the day or night.Morning sickness is majorly connected with the change in hormones,ensuring to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water to prevent dehydration.

5.Weight gain during early pregnancy

As the baby grows it’s normal to gain weight gain during pregnancy.while most women gain between 11.5kg and 16kg how much weight you gain is influenced by your weight before pregnancy.

6.Feeling dizziness and light headed.

Dizziness may occur due to various factors one of them is the rapid change of hormone in the blood system.Also dizziness may be caused by the growing uterus where it puts more pressure on blood vessels reducing oxygen levels to the body.Dizziness may also occur due to low blood sugar levels that may occur as the body tries to adapt to changes in the metabolism.

7.Extreme tiredness

Fatigue during the first trimester is very common during pregnancy.The woman may constantly feel tired,hormonal changes are most likely to contribute to the exhaustion.Fatigue may also be related to iron-deficiency anaemia which is common in pregnancy due to high demand of both the mother and the baby.

8.Aversion/cravings of certain foods.

food cravings and aversion are a major symptom of pregnancy.Food aversion and cravings are mostly triggered by hormones whereby your appetite will.mostly be affected by the change in hormones.Food cravings and aversion are likely to occur in the first trimester may even appear throughout your pregnancy.

9.Vaginal discharge

One of the first changes you may experience is vaginal discharge during pregnancy which  is called leukorrhea.leukorrhea is a white milky and mild smelling which is normal and there is nothing for you to worry about.It is very important for you to pay attention to your hygiene to prevent the development of infection.

10.Constipation

The increase in the hormone progesterone causes relaxation of smooth muscle throughout the digestive system.Relaxation of the intestinal muscles causes food and waste to move slower throughout the system to prevent the condition ensure you eat food rich in  fiber and also drink alot of fluids and ensure you exercise which helps in stimulating your bowels.

11.Back pain

Back pain may be brought about by various factors such as wright gain whereby the spine is forced to support the additional weight that the mother is carrying hence putting more pressure on the lower back.Another factor that may cause back pain during early pregnancy is posture,this is whereby pregnancy shifts your center of gravity as a result your body begins to adjust your posture and the way you move hence resulting to back pain or strain.Another common factor that may lead to back pain is hormonal changes whereby hormone named relaxin causes ligaments that supports the spine to loosen leading to irritability and pain.

12.Shortness of breath

In the first trimester increased levels of progesterone may make breathing a bit difficult at times as your body adjust to new hormonal levels.

13.Frequent urination and incontinence

frequent urination and incontinence during pregnancy is caused by an increase in the amount and speed of blood circulating through your body and also increase in the hormones.Throughout your pregnancy until you have almost 50% more blood circulating in your body than before you got pregnant this means alot of fluid will be excreted hence frequent trips to the toilet.

14.increased heart rate during pregnancy.

Pregnancy brings alot of changes in a woman one of them is increasing the amount of blood in the  body.The extra blood causes the heart rate to beat 25% faster than usual.A faster heart rate will occasionally result to heart palpitations these may feel like your heart is fluttering or beating extremely fast.

15.Heartburn during early pregnancy

Heartburn is a common complaint during pregnancy which involves a burning sensation in the center of the chest.Heartburn occurs when the valve between the stomach and the oesophagus are unable to prevent stomach acid from passing back into the oesophagus this is due to the hormone progesterone that causes relaxation of the valve muscle hence heartburn occurs more frequently.

There are some other early pregnancy sign such as pregnancy glow and also the woman may experience low grade fever brought by the increase in hormones.