Lupus affects around 5million people worldwide.it mostly affects female as compared to males, lupus is an autoimmune disease whereby the immune system attacks its own tissue the condition cannot be cured but can be treated to improve quality of life.SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Mostly people suffering from the disease may experience pain in joint and muscles pain also occurs during breathing which can be described as a sharp pain in the chest cavity.
Lupus can cause kidney inflammation leading to a condition known as nephritis(inflammation of the kidney nephrons)due to the inflammation the waste is not completely excreted out and thus leading to the accumulation of toxins in the blood.Due to the troubled kidney symptoms such as swelling limbs and feet,frequent urination or reduced output of urine,high amount of protein in urine may arise.
Due to the inflammation brought about by the disease it affects the scalp and causes hair loss,hair loss is an early sign of lupus but must be diagnosed first in order for it to be confirmed.
Skin rush may appear on the nose and on both cheeks it may occur suddenly after the exposure to sunlight.
5.Dry mouth and dry eyes
People with lupus develop another autoimmune disorder known as Sjogrens disease.Sjogrens disease causes the glands responsible for tears and saliva to malfunction due to this there is the insufficient production of secretion(saliva and tears)which assist in moisturizing the eyes and mouth.other symptoms may include oral ulcer,fatigue and unexplained fever.
There are some of the test that can be conducted to diagnose lupus.
- Chest x-ray
- Kidney and liver assessment
- Anti nuclear antibody test
1.use of corticosteroids to reduce the inflammation(prednisolone)
2.use of immunosuppresants that will assist in reducing the immunity in fighting its own self(mycophenolate)
3.NSAIDS(nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs.drugs such as ibuprofen may be used to reduce pain fever and swelling.
4.in kidney disorder ensure that you speak to your doctor to see the level of your kidney function this will determine the need for dialysis or further intervention such as kidney transplant.
5.Ensure you hydrate enough to prevent dry lips and eyes.apply eye drops such as gentamicin to prevent further infection of the eye.
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